Formation of Associations
The formation of associations started when the students of MPSI returned to Brunei with strong political and social awareness. Hoping to advance the welfare of Malays, they formed associations. Three of the associations formed in Brunei were :
i. Kesatuan Melayu Brunei (KMB)
ii. Persatuan Sahabat Pena Brunei (PSPB)
iii. Persekutuan Guru- guru Melayu Brunei ( PGGMB)
Kesatuan Melayu Brunei
It was formed in the 1930s. It’s one of the earliest Malay association in Brunei. It’s based in Brunei Town. It’s also not a political movement.
The first president of KMB was Pengiran Muda Omar Ali Saifuddien, the 28th Sultan of Brunei. Whereas the deputy president was Pengiran Temenggong Haji Mohammad. The secretary was Pengiran Jaya Negara Pengiran Haji Abu Bakar and the members were mostly overseas educated students of MPSI.
To attract the attention of the British administration to the needs of the Malays.
Most programmes were educational, social, agricultural or economic in nature.
Persatuan Sahabat Pena Brunei
- formed in 1936.
The president was Pengiran Pemancha Haji Muhammad Yassin. The secretary was Muhammad Zain Wali. The members were a small group of vernacular – educated locals and a few Malayan officers working in Brunei.
To promote friendly communication and social contact between Malays in Brunei and their counterparts in Malaya.
Mostly social in nature. Members contributed poems, short stories and articles to newspaper such as Saudara and Utusan Melayu in Malaya.
It was formed in 1939. One of the pre-war associations to have survived till today. It’s originally not a politically-oriented association.
Small intial membership. The members are mostly Brunei vernacular – educated Malay teachers of the MPSI.
To promote welfare of Brunei vernacular – educated Malay teachers and also to establish a channel of communication with the authorities for promoting education in the sultanate.
In the 1950s and 1960s, PGGMB played an important role in political agitation in Brunei. An example of this was when many PGGMB members supported the Sultan in his cause to reassert internal self government for Brunei. E.R Bevington, the British Commisioner of Development in Brunei, described PGGMB as the ‘second political force in Brunei after the Sultan and before the Partai Rakyat Brunei.’
The board of PGGMB speech talk
The 2010 PGGMB building
Done by : Janice Tieng Mei