Nationalism in Brunei first surfaced among Malays who were educated in Malaya during the 1920s&1930s.It began in Maktab Perguruan Sultan Idris(MPSI),located at Tanjong Malim in Perak.
This emergence of Malay nationalistic feelings had been influenced by ideas of nationalism awakening.For example,Indonesian nationalists were resisting the return of Dutch rule.These ideas were published in journals such as Kenchana,Waktu and Hikmat.
The Malays educated in Malaya established voluntary nationalist associations upon their return to Brunei.Such associations included the Kesatuan Melayu Brunei ,Persatuan Sahabat Pena Brunei,Persekutuan Guru-Guru Melayu Brunei,Barisan Pemuda and others.
Early Malay Nationalists:Brunei Students at MPSI and their activities.
The Brunei Government sent its first students to the MPSI in 1929&1930.Among these students were H.M Salleh,P.M Yusof,Jamil Umar,Abu Bakar Jambul and Pengiran Ali Pengiran Daud.
It was at MPSI that Brunei students gradually developed a more critical approach to colonial rule and become more radical in spirits.Some of them began to actively write and publish on Malay nationalism,Some of the well-known writers were
- P.M. Yusof
- H.M. Salleh
- Muhammad Ali Tamin
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