ㅁ Human Resources
ㅁ They collect taxes
~BRUNEI TRADING CENTRE IN BORNEO~
ㄹ Natives supplied Merchandise (goods) for protection from the Sultan.
ㄹ Example of Natives;
(Picture example of a Dayak woman)
~BRUNEI TRADITIONAL POLITICAL CHECKPOINT~
ㄴ Why were POLITICAL CHECKPOINTs set up at the mouth of Brunei River?
: To control tribes.
ㄴ What is DAERAH?
: Daerah is 'Political Checkpoint' at the mouth of the river in order to control the people who lived near the river.
ㄴ Who is the head of TRIBES and where?
: They are THREE: - The Pengirans; in charge in; Oya, Mukah & Igau
- The Sharifs; in charge in; Sekrang, Serebas, Seriki, Telok, Marudu
- The Dato; in charge in; Sarawak, Samarahan, Sadong, Kalakah
~SULTAN AS THE HEAD OF THE ISLAMIC RELIGION~
ㅂ Who is SULTAN?
: - Sultan is the head of GOVERNMENT & RELIGION.
ROLE? -----> / To develop and spread the TEACHING OF ISLAM.
/ To Introduce new system (islamic teaching)
ㅂ What are the 4 RELIGIOUS OFFICIAL that introduce by Sultan Sharif Ali?
: 1. Khatib
(Example picture of an Imam)
ㅂ What are the responsibilities of Religious Official?
: > To enforce Syariah Law
> To collect revenues
> Mosque administration
+LAND AND PEOPLE+
ㅂ HEADS OF TRIBE
: Orang Kaya & Dato` --> incharge to make sure they have their loyalty to the Sultan.
ㅂ THE MALAY CHIEFS
: Dato Petinggi, Dato Bandar & Dato Temenggong --> Incharge in Sarawak River.
ㅂ MEMBER & ROYAL FAMILY
: Pengiran & Sharif --> authorities in Brunei
1. Kerajaan : Sultan
2. Kuripan : Wazir
3. Tulin : Royal Family
~BASIC OF ECONOMIC~
ㄷ PROTECTORATES of Brunei
: # Taxes
# Use of Brunei Ports
ㄷ FEUDAL STATES
: # Supplies Good
~GOODS & JUNGLE PRODUCE BY NATIVES~
ㅎ Goods produce by NATIVES are;
~ Bird Nest
(Example picture of Spices)
~THE MARKET FOR BRUNEI PRODUCTS~
ㅋ There are;
+ Big (more) of Brunei Empire
+ Control over Borneo Natives
+ Big demand for Brunei products
+ Role of Brunei as enter port trade
~INCOMES OF ROYAL FAMILY~
ㅅ How did Royal Family get their INCOMES?
: a) Personal Taxes
b) Paying annual tributes
c) Bungkar Sauh Tax
d) Contributary Taxes
~THE HIERARCHY OF TRADITIONAL BRUNEI~
2) Wazir - Pg. Bendahara, Di-Gadong, Temenggong, Pemancha
3) Cheterias - Pg Shahbandar
4) Menteri Berchiris
5) Menteri Tidak Berchiris
6) Rakyat - lives in Brunei Town
7) Hamba - Feudal States (people who comes)
(Sultan surrounded by the Rakyat)
NUR HANI AQILAH BINTI AZMI