1959 Written Constitution

Monday, 18 October 2010

THE COMING OF THE JAPANESE TO BRUNEI 1941 - 1945

 JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF BRUNEI (1941 – 1945) 

“And fight in the Way of Allah those who fight you, but
transgress not the limits. Truly, Allah likes not the
transgressors.”
Surah Al-Baqarah, Verse 190

THE JAPANESE INVASION OF SOUTHEAST ASIA
    -One reason given
    by the Japanese
    for the invasion of
    Asia was that they
    wanted to free the
    Asian nations
    from colonial rule

    THE COMING OF THE JAPANESE IN BRUNEI

    SPIES
    • Before the invasion, the Japanese had sent spies to Brunei 
    • During the war, these spies acted as guides to the invading army
    • 16 December 1941: Japanese army landed in Kuala Belait 
    • After this, the Japanese army advanced to the north and south of Borneo Island
    • 22 December 1941: Police headquarters and government offices in Brunei Town captured 


    THE JAPANESE ADMINISTRATION IN BRUNEI
    - Miri Shyu in brunei 

    • New administration headed by a Japanese
    • Japanese didn’t care about Brunei, hence there was resentment against them
    • Little change in structure of government
    THE JAPANESE ADMINISTRATION IN BRUNEI

    • People lived in hardship
    • People resented activities of the Japanese ‘Kempeitai'

     NIPPONISATION
    - Buildings to fly the Japanese flag
    - Everybody to learn the Japanese national anthem and the Japanese language
    - Japanese stamps and currency introduced, Japanese calendar used
    - Youth exchange programmes set up

    LIBERATION BY THE ALLIED FORCES
    • 16 Nov 1944 - The Allied forces began liberation of Brunei by bombing Japanese forces in Brunei Town and Kuala Belait.
    • 10 June 1945 – Australian forces landed in Muara and moved to Brunei Town. They did not face much resistance.
          
          After the war, Brunei was temporarily placed under the British Military Administration


                     EFFECTS OF THE JAPANESE OCCUPATION

                       ~Economic and social development stagnated

                        ~Local people suffered
                         due to shortage of food
                          and medical supplies

                       ~Seeds of nationalist
                          consciousness were
                         sown


    Post by - Ainul Fitri ??? 

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